UN Special Envoy to Libya meets with General Khalifa Haftar seeking a deal to approve GNA
The internationally-recognized Libyan government, the House of Representatives (HoR) wants guarantees that General Khalifa Haftar, the commander-in-chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA) keep his job before they will vote confidence in the GNA.
|The GNA is the UN-brokered Government of National Accord. The GNA results from the Libyan Political Agreemen t(LPA) signed on December 17 by members of the Libyan Political Dialogue, a group set up to negotiate a peace agreement between the two rival governments. Besides the HoR there is a rival General National Congress (GNC) located in Tripoli in the west, while the HoR is in the east in Tobruk. Neither of the two parliaments agreed to a draft LPA. Martin Kobler, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) in Libya, gathered together members of the Dialogue who supported the UN draft LPA including some members of the GNC and HoR and had them sign the draft. These members were not authorized to sign by their respective parliaments. The agreement immediately attracted international support including a resolution in the UN Security Council.|
In 1987, he became a prisoner of war during the war against Chad. While held prisoner, he and his fellow officers formed a group hoping to overthrow Gaddafi. He was released around 1990 in a deal with the United States government and spent nearly two decades in the United States, gaining U.S. citizenship.Al Swahili said the LPA would collapse if its articles such as article 8 were violated. The LPA has been violated many times already and the LPA still exists but Al-Swahili is probably correct that if Hafter remains as commander-in-chief of the LNA, then the GNA will collapse.
The Additional Provisions section 8 reads in part: Article (8)All powers of the senior military, civil and security posts stipulated in the Libyan legislations and laws in force shall be transferred to the Presidency Council of the Council of Ministers immediatelyupon signing this Agreement. .
No one can imagine how the UNSMIL, the sponsor of Skhirat agreement, would settle Khalifa Hafter's dilemma. Last week, Tobruk Parliament rejected the proposed cabinet of UN-imposed government and requested that article 8 of the political agreement must be deleted in order to give the cabinet a vote of confidence. Pro-Khalifa Haftar tribes in the east also declared Haftar red line and confirmed that his military post is non-negotiable.On the other hand, anti-Khalifa Haftar members of the Presidency Council, and others from the GNC camp who signed Skhirat agreement along with agreement supporters in Misrata and Tripoli, are demanding that Haftar must be out; otherwise, the political agreement would not see the light.