Martin Kobler, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, has just recently issued a news release of his report to the United Nations Security Council on the situation in Libya.
|The release can be found on the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) website. The tone of the release is more sombre and less upbeat than usual. Kobler speaks of the progress of forming the GNA meeting a number of milestones but remaining precarious. He also claims Libya has no effective state institutions,|
However, until now we are unable to convince them entirely to go the way of peace and unity. On January 15th, the Presidency Council presented a cabinet for approval by the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives voted to endorse the Libyan Political Agreement in principle, but it requested the Presidency Council to nominate a new and smaller cabinet.
Few days ago, on 22 February, the House of Representatives met to consider the Presidency Council’s second cabinet. However, its session was interrupted by a minority of parliamentarians who opposed the vote, and resorted to threats and intimidation preventing the majority to freely express its vote. Nonetheless, this majority gathered 100 signatures in support of the endorsement of the new cabinet and its programme.Many earlier reports cited the lack of a quorum. None of the press seem to wonder how a few spoilers are able to derail a vote. Why is there no security? Why cannot the few spoilers be simply kicked out and the vote go on? Note that the HoR is also to vote on an amendment to the Constitutional Declaration to incorporate the GNA in it. They are also to be presented the political program of the GNA. As mentioned, Section 8 of the LPA is not apparently at issue even though the HoR members would not accept the GNA if Haftar loses his job. Kobler fails to mention that one supposed signer of the statement of support claims he did not sign it or that another member has claimed the letter is a forgery. Such details are all irrelevant to Kobler.
Failing such recognition and a positive endorsement by the House of Representatives by early next week, Libyans have to go on. I intend to reconvene the Libyan Political Dialogue to explore the way forward in line with the Libyan Political Agreement.
First: together with the Libyans and international community we will continue to advocate for the implementation of the Libyan Political Agreement. This is the plan there are no alternatives.The Government of National Unity as proposed by the Presidency Council must be allowed to take up its duties in Tripoli as soon as possible.Those who are threatening the Presidency Council and actively preventing it from assuming power in Tripoli should be held accountable on the basis of Security Council resolutions. Branches of the government however should be established in eastern Libya, where Benghazi requires particular attention, and in the South.Interesting that Kobler talks of branches in Benghazi and in the south. Kobler''s remarks show that he has been unable so far to arrange security arrangements for meeting in Tripoli.