The UN dialogue process was supposed to result in a political agreement(LPA) between the two rival Libyan governments as well as an agreed Government of National Accord(GNA).
Italy has been drawing up plans for a European military coalition to back any Libyan Government and seeking allies to lend help.
Ministers at the Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence say they are “extremely concerned" by the rapid rise of Isil and other extremist groups in Libya and are considering plans for intervening to tackle the threat.Kobler announced after a recent meeting with some Dialogue members in Tunis, none of whom were there as designated negotiators for either parliament, that signing of the LPA would be on December 16th. There was no mention of the LPA being approved by either parliament nor did he say who would sign. A reaction by the GNC and its head negotiator soon made it clear why. None of the GNC participants were authorized to attend the meeting by the GNC. I expect the same is true of the HoR, but the usual mouthpiece for the HoR, the Libya Herald, seems to have changed from being a mouthpiece for the HoR to being a mouthpiece for the UN. It reports nothing of the HoR reaction so far.
The House of Representatives and the General National Congress are in danger of breaking up, new UNSMIL chief Martin Kobler has told the UN Security Council. Kobler explained to Security Council members “ I have no illusions about the difficult realities that confront us in Libya. The two institutions at the centre of the political conflict in Libya are beginning to show dangerous signs of internal fragmentation”.
They had also said that the future Government of National Accord should be able to assume its responsibilities in Tripoli without threats and intimidation. This needed a collective agreement on security. Kobler told the Security Council that he was thus taking the opportunity to “call directly on the leadership of the General National Congress to allow my colleagues and myself to land with our airplane in Tripoli and other cities in Libya to freely interact with whomever we deem necessary. We can only fulfil our mandate if we have free access to all security actors, particularly in Tripoli”.What mandate is that? To push through an agreement not approved by the GNC indeed an agreement meant to avoid having them involved and then demand that they cooperate with a government the UN imposed? The UNSMIL mandate was to forge an agreement between the two rival governments.
“Once the agreement is signed, we will immediately assist in broadening the basis of support for the new Government which should ultimately be based in Tripoli. Through engagement with the militias, political parties, tribal elders, and civil society, we will advocate for the acceptance of the Libyan Political Agreement”.They are not going to dialogue with these groups, they will simply advocate for the acceptance of the LPA. There is no mention of what role if any the commander of the Libyan National Army is to play in all of this. He opposes the LPA. Haftar is supported by Egypt, the UAE, and the Arab League. Haftar is the unmentionable and I suspect untouchable.